The book of Galatians is a Pauline Epistle (letter from Paul). Chapter 4. 22For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by a slave woman and the other by a free woman. It was completely dismantled and is now filed away in my garage and attic. 28Now you,* my friends,* are children of the promise, like Isaac. While Paul’s letters do not relate any narrative traditions about Jesus’ birth, he does speak profoundly about the meaning of the incarnation. The weak and beggarly elements: Paul used the same word for elements used in Galatians 4:3. He expresses his earnest concern for them. Galatians 4:31 "So then, brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman, but of the free." And as that was a dispensation of darkness, so of bondage; they were tied to many burdensome rites and observances, by which they were taught and kept subject like a child under tutors and governors. Yet as Abraham turned aside to Hagar, so it is possible a believer may turn aside in some things to the covenant of works, when through unbelief and neglect of the promise he acts according to the law, in his own strength; or in a way of violence, not of love, towards the brethren. 3 Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world: Slaves or sons (Gal. The apostle reasons against following false teachers. May the temper and conduct of sons ever show our adoption; and may the Holy Spirit witness with our spirits that we are children and heirs of God. Christians must not forbear speaking the truth, for fear of offending others. Finally, Paul applies this allegorical reading to the current situation. the Spirit who calls out, “Abba,[ c] Father.”. New Revised Standard Version Bible: Anglicized Edition, copyright © 1989, 1995 National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. However, so little was left that it rese… “We are not children of the bondwoman” (see notes on 4:24, 26). I summarised the Bible on Twitter between Aug 2010 and Nov 2013 - one tweet per chapter, one chapter per day. The first is a spirit of persecution; the second is a spirit of love. (1-7) The happy change made in the Gentile believers. i. A summary of Galatians 4 from @biblesummary. Galatians 4:1 "Now I say, [That] the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, … All rights reserved worldwide. The relation between Paul and the Galatians: A personal note interrupting Paul’s argument which contrasts the Galatians’ former attitude toward Paul and their present attitude. The passage is found in the middle of Galatians 4 and represents the very “heart” of the letter. Let those professors look to it, who have a violent, harsh, imposing spirit, towards the people of God. They could not fully understand the meaning of the law as given by Moses. Nothing is so sure a proof that a sinner has passed into a state of justification, as Christ being formed in him by the renewal of the Holy Spirit; but this cannot be hoped for, while men depend on the law for acceptance with God. For what a man loves most, and cares most for, that is his god: some have their riches for their god, some their pleasures, and some their lusts. Galatians 3 starts with a reminder that the Spirit is received by faith not by … It is good to be zealous always in a good thing; not for a time only, or now and then, but always. "THE EPISTLE TO THE GALATIANS" Chapter Four OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER 1) To appreciate the significance and blessedness of receiving the Spirit in our hearts (cf. . From these verses see the wonders of Divine love and mercy; particularly of God the Father, in sending his Son into the world to redeem and save us; of the Son of God, in submitting so low, and suffering so much for us; and of the Holy Spirit, in condescending to dwell in the hearts of believers, for such gracious purposes. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Galatians 4:4-7 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Whereas many of Paul’s letters were written to churches in a particular city, such as Rome or Corinth, this letter was written to “the assemblies of Galatia”—a region in the central part of what we know today as Turkey. 30But what does the scripture say? Like all of Paul's writings, the Book of Galatians is an epistle; it's a letter. Accordingly, Ishmael, as the son of the slave woman, is born "according to the flesh," while Isaac, the son of the free woman, is born "through the promise" (4:23). The “remains” rest peacefully in a wrecking yard. The Bible questions are not trivia. 7 So you are no longer a slave, but God’s child; and since you are his child, God has made you also an heir. The happy change made in the Gentile believers. under the elemental spiritual forces[ a] of the world. Just as Scripture at that time instructed Abraham to "cast out this slave woman with her son" (Genesis 21:10), so now Paul says that the Galatians need to exclude from their midst those who seek to return to live under the law of circumcision (verse 30). The happy change whereby the Galatians were turned from idols to the living God, and through Christ had received the adoption of sons, was the effect of his free and rich grace; they were laid under the greater obligation to keep to the liberty wherewith he had made them free. The Galatians were ready to account the apostle their enemy, but he assures them he was their friend; he had the feelings of a parent toward them. An excellent rule is given. And the more mercy God has shown, in bringing any to know the gospel, and the liberties and privileges of it, the greater their sin and folly in suffering themselves to be deprived of them. 21 Tell me, you who desire to be subject to the law, will you not listen to the law? 3 So also, when we were underage, we were in slavery under the elemental spiritual forces of the world. Used by permission. The two covenants of works and grace, and legal and evangelical professors, are shadowed forth. The … Against such things there is no law.” Hagar and Sarah were apt emblems of the two different dispensations of the covenant. v 2.5.1 λ. in Galatians 4:4. (19,20) And then explains the difference between what is to be expected from the law, and from the gospel. He was in doubt as to their state, and was anxious to know the result of their present delusions. Also, the advantages Christians enjoy under the gospel. And many ignorantly worship a god of their own making; a god made all of mercy and no justice. 26But the other woman corresponds to the Jerusalem above; she is free, and she is our mother. The heavenly Jerusalem, the true church from above, represented by Sarah, is in a state of freedom, and is the mother of all believers, who are born of the Holy Spirit. In Galatians 3-4, Paul uses four appeals to Scripture to support his argument that justification is by faith in Christ Jesus and not by doing the law (3:6-9; 3:10-14; 3:16-18; 4:21-31). << Galatians 3 | Galatians 4 | Galatians 5 >> (Read all of Galatians 4 ) The relative position therefore of the Jew (even though he were godly) before the coming of Christ, and of the believing Jew or Gentile when Christ had been revealed, is clearly set forth; and in the commencement of chapter 4 the apostle sums up that which he had said. Galatians 4 (King James Version) 1 Now I say, That the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, though he be lord of all; 2 But is under tutors and governors until the time appointed of the father. If the privileges of all believers were so great, according to the new covenant, how absurd for the Gentile converts to be under that law, which could not deliver the unbelieving Jews from bondage or condemnation! Every chapter of the Bible in 140 characters or less. It illustrates a use of Scripture in which Paul works backward from his conclusion to construct an argument. Hence all who are members of the outward church should learn to fear and to suspect themselves. A summary of Galatians, chapter by chapter, from @biblesummary. They were by regeneration and true faith, made a part of the true seed of Abraham, according to the promise made to him. Now I say, That the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, though he be lord … The Law was preparatory and provisional (Gal. 24Now this is an allegory: these women are two covenants. Galatians 4:1–6:18 Sons and Heirs 4 I mean that the heir, as long as he is a child, is no different from a slave, 1 though he is the owner of everything, 2 but he is under guardians and managers until the … Summary of Galatians 4 Paul then uses a metaphor that his audience would understand, of a child being considered as a slave while he is a minor. You once thought yourselves happy in receiving the gospel; have you now reason to think otherwise? It was written by the Apostle Paul about 49 A.D. prior to the Jerusalem Council which had taken place in 50 A.D. Works and fruits brought forth in a man's own strength, are legal. The folly of returning to legal observances for justification. Let us rest our souls on the Scriptures, and by a gospel hope and cheerful obedience, show that our conversation and treasure are indeed in heaven. But he notices, that he was a welcome messenger to them. 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