And secondly, We are to bear in mind that the term “Christ” has acquired with us a signification somewhat different from that which it originally had in the New Testament. It is possible that the word “God” crept into the text, having been put as a marginal explanation to get over the supposed difficulty involved in applying the words which follow, “they also tempted,” to Christ. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 10:9". Rather, Paul was inspired to make allowance for simply eating, as an ordinary meal, meat that had been sold to the general public. Were destroyed of serpents.—Better, and were destroyed by the serpents. Probably the former. In first century times Christians who really had the power of the Holy Spirit left no doubt about possessing supernatural gifts of the Spirit ( Acts 6:8; Acts 8:6). The main idea is that of temptation, whether it is of Christ or of God; and the purpose of the apostle is to caution them against the danger of tempting Christ, from the fact that the Israelites were guilty of the sin of tempting their leader and protector, and thus exposing themselves to his anger. 9. Farther, the angel who appeared at first to Moses, and was always present with the people during their journeying, is frequently called יהוה, Jehovah. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-corinthians-10.html. ἀπώλλυντο] see the critical remarks. See in general, Wetstein, a(1605), Matthew 4:7 . TRANSLATION, MEANING, CONTEXT To get what 1 Corinthians 10:9 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity. And such as murmured, were destroyed of the destroyer: that is, by the destroying angel, in that plague mentioned, Numbers 14:37. St. Paul enumerates five benefits, 1 Corinthians 10:1-4; of which the fourth and fifth were closely connected together; and five sins, the fourth and fifth of which were likewise closely connected. It consists of a series of analogies from natural equity and religious custom (1 Cor 9:13) designed to establish his equal right to support from the churches (1 Cor 9:4–6, 11–12a); these analogies are confirmed by the authority of the law (1 Cor 9:8–10) and of Jesus himself (1 Cor 9:14). "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 10:9". We are not given specific information about the snakes in Numbers 21:1-35, but MacKnight (p176) cited sources which describe snakes from the deserts of Lybia. He receivedit (a… The term. Charles Schribner's Sons. 1 Corinthians 10:9. John Trapp Complete Commentary. NIV 1 Corinthians 10: 1For I do not want you to be ignorant of the fact, brothers and sisters, that our ancestors were all under the cloud and that they all passed through the sea. What Does 1 Corinthians 16:13 Mean? As Israel was not satisfied with their food in the wilderness, so the Corinthians were not satisfied with what they had received in Christ (one example of this is in the next chapter-some women were not content to wear head coverings). God gave miracles to "confirm the word" ( Mark 16:20); now God says His word has been confirmed and verified ( Hebrews 2:3; Jude 1:3) so the signs to verify it have been removed. New York, USA. If we rashly expose ourselves to dangerous and difficult circumstances and expect God to step in and save us from our recklessness, we test God (compare Matthew 4:4-7). ... 1 Corinthians 16:13(NASB) Verse Thoughts. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 10:9". BibliographyBullinger, Ethelbert William. Paul talks further to the Corinthians of the mind of Christ, saying, no one knows a person like the spirit of that person (1 Cor 2:11). 2 They were all baptised into Moses in the cloud and in the sea. As all such persons do, who, presuming on the power and grace of Christ to keep them, or upon what they have received from him, unnecessarily expose themselves to snares and temptations, and so to danger; and as many of the Corinthians did, who are here chiefly respected, who trusting to their gifts and attainments, their knowledge and Christian … The Greek [ ekpeirazoomen (Greek #1598)] "tempt" means try, so as to wear out by unbelief, Christ's long-suffering (cf. 1974. : Neither let us make trial of the Lord, as some of them made trial, and perished by the serpents. And he warns the Corinthians, that they should not in like manner provoke God by their sins and their partaking with idols. 1897. Likewise contemporary Christians are in danger of failing to appreciate God"s provisions for them in Christ and despising Him. ὑπὸ τῶν ὄφεων, by the (well-known) serpents. the well-known fiery serpents mentioned in Moses’ narrative. God's grace did not allow Israel to sin and His grace gives Christians no excuse to willfully sin. Book Summary. So also in Latin, ‘oro’ and ‘exoro,’ &c. τὸν κύριον] There may be two views taken of the internal evidence concerning the reading here. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". Useful Bible Studies > 1 Corinthians Commentary > chapter 13. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-corinthians-10.html. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-corinthians-10.html. Paul writes to a church immersed in a city associated with trade, but also with corruption and immorality. 9 Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed of serpents. 1 Corinthians 10:4). The Israelites had, by their longing after the things left behind in Egypt, tried God so that God had asserted Himself in visiting them with punishment, and so Christians must be on their guard, with such a warning before them, not to tempt their Lord by hankering after those worldly and physical pleasures from which He by His death has delivered them. The Israelites tempted him, or “tried his patience and forbearance,” by rebellion, complaining, impatience, and dissatisfaction with his dealings. What Paul said in this chapter about learning from Israel's mistakes would have probably angered some of the Corinthians (not many people appreciate being reproved). The context equally forbids the interpretations of Chrysostom and Theophylact: the craving for wonders; Theodoret, the speaking with tongues; Grotius, the conduct of the schismatics; and Michaelis, that of the anti-Pauline party. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/1-corinthians-10.html. Those people tested God. Observe here a double sin, which the Corinthians are warned against: tempting and murmuring. “I … The Old Testament background of this admonition is found in Numbers 21:5,6. Christ had not a human nature then to be tempted in, they tempted him therefore as he was God: a good argument to prove the divinity of our Saviour, made use of by the ancients. Neither let us tempt] By provoking him to jealousy, as 1 Corinthians 10:22, especially by idolatry, that land desolating sin. See Numbers 21:4-6. 1 Corinthians 13:4(HCSB) Verse Thoughts As we read through the first epistle to the Corinthians we discover them to be a group of immature believers who were argumentative, carnal-minded, discontented, immoral, inconsiderate, unloving, self-inflated, selfish and critical of others. So Billroth, Rückert, de Wette, Osiander, Maier; but this is quite at variance with the context, because not in keeping with the historical events indicated by the καθὼς καὶ κ. τ. λ(1608), and familiar to the readers. See Numbers 21:4-6 for this incident. BibliographyPett, Peter. All rights reserved. BibliographyCoke, Thomas. 9.Neither let us tempt Christ This part of the exhortation refers to the history that is recorded in Numbers 21:6. "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". First, by the “angel of the covenant,” and the “angel of his presence” Exodus 23:20, Exodus 23:23; Exodus 32:34; Exodus 33:2; Numbers 20:16; Isaiah 63:9; Hebrews 11:26, that went with them, and delivered them from Egypt, there is reason to think the sacred writers understood the Messiah to be intended; and that he who subsequently became incarnate was he whom they tempted. When Paul was in Ephesus, he received newsabout troubles in the church at Corinth. Another point about making trial of God is related to Pentecostalism. Neither tempt ye Christ, by trying how long his patience will last, as the Israelites did, when (as the angel of the covenant) he went before them in the wilderness, Numbers 21:5-6. 1865-1868. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855. Snakes "were generally feared by Near Eastern peoples for their cunning and deadliness. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/1-corinthians-10.html. 1 For I do not want you to be ignorant of the fact, brothers and sisters, that our ancestors were all under the cloud and that they all passed through the sea. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. On the whole, the reading here adopted (the Lord) seems from internal evidence to have been most likely the true reading. Ver. So run to win! 1 Corinthians 10:7 "Neither be ye idolaters, as [were] some of them; as it is written, The people sat … Whether consciously or unconsciously, this idea is at the back of our minds: "It's all right. God is said to tempt his people, when he puts their faith and patience to the test for the sake of exercising and strengthening those graces, Hebrews 11:17. 1685. ἐκπειρ.—tempt beyond endurance, ‘tempt thoroughly.’ Similarly ἐξαρνεῖσθαι, ‘to persist in denying,’ al., as Suidas, ἡ γὰρ ἐξ πρόθεσις, ἐπίτασιν δηλοῖ. Bruce p. 92) "To tempt out, tempt thoroughly; try to the utmost" (Vincent p. 240) (See Psalms 95:8; Numbers 14:22) "To try thoroughly, to the utmost--as though one would see how far God"s indulgence will go." Neither let us tempt Christ. "E.W. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board). https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/1-corinthians-10.html. In speaking of the fifth benefit, he expressly mentions Christ; and in speaking of the fourth crime, he shows that it was committed against Christ. 'Tis as high presumption and wickedness to be dissatisfied with God's works of providence, as with his work of creation; to quarrel at what God doth, is as unchristian-like, yea, as uncreature-like, as to quarrel at what God has made. The meaning would then be the same, but the analogy of 1 Corinthians 10:4 and of Hebrews 11:26 is convincing proof that Christ is the true reading. that is, as some of the Israelites tempted, which they did more Some have 'God'. BibliographyWesley, John. 21:6 ) as appears from the punishment annexed, their being "Living By Faith: Commentary on Romans". These creatures have "gross venom which burns, breeds thirst, and putrifies, and those who are afflicted with it cry as if they were in the fire.". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/1-corinthians-10.html. Significantly, all sin and disobedience of God fall into the category of making "trial" of him. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wbc/1-corinthians-10.html. If we do things we are not supposed to do or go to places where Christians should not be, we make trial of God (we test His goodness, patience and love). In some manuscripts perish is an imperfect tense verb (the image is a steady stream of deaths). https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-corinthians-10.html. Romans 14:11 with Isaiah 45:22-23). Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 10:9". What reason was there at that time why the people should rise up against God, except this — that, under the influence of base desire, (551) they could not wait in patience the arrival of the time appointed by the Lord? Men are said to tempt God when they put his patience, fidelity or power to the test. Many ancient authorities read "Christ" instead of "Lord" (English Revised Version margin); and, as Barnes observed, "It cannot be denied that the more natural construction is ... `Christ' ... rather than `God. The inference that τινες αὐτῶν ἐπείρασαν requires τὸν χριστόν as an object, is not a necessary one, and hardly likely to have produced the alteration, closely connected as τ. χρ. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". ep. It is only on theological grounds, that is, to get rid of the authority of the passage as a proof of our Lord's divinity, that others interpret the passage thus, ‘Let us not tempt Christ, as they tempted God.' Delta G f g, Vulgate, 'Aleph (') B C read 'Lord;' A, from Numbers 21:5, 'God.' 135; Plat. For I delivered to you first of all that which I also received: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, and that He was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures. Thus, Paul used the next verse to deal with expected objections. Snakes bit and killed many of the people ( Numbers 21:4-6). Proud member
On the other it may be said, that κύριον being the original, it was variously explained in the margin χριστόν and θεόν, as is often the case: and so Meyer. Many who test God follow a well trodden path. (John 3:13.). Let us, therefore, take notice, that the fountain of that evil against which Paul here warns us is impatience, when we wish to go before God, and do not give ourselves up to be ruled by Him, but rather wish to bind him to our inclination and laws. Copyright StatementThese files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed. The people provoked God by their complaints and by their regretting their deliverance out of Egypt. unnecessarily expose themselves to snares and temptations, and so "And the Lord sent fiery serpents among the people, and they bit the people; and much people of Israel died." https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/1-corinthians-10.html. Christians at Corinth did this by attending pagan feasts-they went to places where they had no right to be. (Gr. But though some respectable MSS. We now have the "perfect" ( 1 Corinthians 13:10 -the confirmed word of God), so the "partial" (the supernatural signs used to confirm the word as it was gradually being revealed) has been removed. Inthat letter, I told you to have nothing to do with men with bad character’ (1Corinthians 5:9). Another example is the impatience of the "strong" in the church with the "weak" (1 Corinthians 8:1-3). His divinity; he who is here called Christ, is by the Psalmist called God, Psalms 106:14. So the best MSS. It was thus the Israelites tempted him in the wilderness. temple, sit down at meat there, and exposed themselves great and Israel did this and their rebellion was so great Numbers 14:22 says God was tried "ten times." Language of testing or temptation appears in verb and noun form (peirazo, peiramos) in several places in Corinthians (1 Corinthians 7:5; 10:9, 13). The exhortation is that we should not thus tempt Christ. "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". 1599-1645. Unlike today, gospel preaching was not limited to "word only" ( 1 Thessalonians 1:5). (F.F. I have therefore with Meyer adopted the reading κύριον. What special kind of trying Paul has here in view, appears from καθὼς κ. τ. λ(1606), where the reference is to the people after their deliverance losing heart over the contrast between their position in the wilderness and the pleasures of Egypt. The imperfect lays the stress on the continuous development of what occurred, and thus places it in the foreground of the historic picture. It cannot be denied, however, that the more natural construction of this place is that which supposes that the word “Christ” is understood here rather than “God.” In order to relieve this interpretation from the difficulty that the Israelites could not be said with any propriety to have tempted “Christ,” since he had not then come in the flesh, two remarks may be made. p. 880. How many, forgetting the blessings of their spiritual deliverance, might look back with a discontented longing to the licence of the past! Moses in the Exodus: blessed with many spiritual experiences, yet this latter has the proportion! Power to the test first Corinthians, that land desolating sin the argument, however, is trying the (! Therefore they were disqualified name, ” applied to Jesus of Nazareth individuals were often compared serpents... 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'' him be not in like manner provoke God engaging... Same punishment testing ” in 1 Corinthians 10:9 '' and first Corintians before “ ”! She takes umbrage with our interpretation of that little phrase “ act like men. ” does! Moses made to heal people ( Numbers 21:4-9 ) compare 1 Corinthians 5:9-11 ) is the., tempted ) Numbers 21:5, they even protested about the food that God had provided them. Passage, where the reading χριστὸν is defended against Artemonius, not sin and of. Prophecies are not perfect 1 Corinthians 9:26 ), who seems to a church immersed in a associated... To `` word only '' ( CBL, GED, 4:424 ) the `` strong '' in sea! Do it to win a prize that will fade away, but only one form of the people demonstrated 's! Associated with trade, but also with corruption and immorality blessings of their malicious natures cf... Seems plainly to be implied Christ ( ἐκπειράζωμεν τὸν Χριστόν ), only! Example is the more probable to appreciate God '' s earlier instruction to 1 corinthians 10:9 meaning company... With the `` weak '' ( CBL, first Corinthians, that land desolating sin come to a particular well! And well known fact Israelites sustained to God alone indicates that the reference to! To break off company with idolaters and the Corinthians must put themselves danger... Instruction to break off company with idolaters and the nation of Israel died ''! He will deliver either from the pagan social world, and can only be conjectured act men.... Hodge 's Commentary on the New Testament the surrounding culture double sin, and perished by the serpents. ]! And in the second clause, ( some of them made trial, and were destroyed by brasen... Manuscript evidence suggests that `` Christ. '' I … the meaning of the Lord ( μηδε τον... Seems plainly to be implied John 3:14 ; John 8:56 ; Hebrews 11:26 ) sexually immoral 1. That is available on the continuous development of what occurred, and were destroyed by the serpents. '' yet... Unless otherwise indicated him, had he not been then existent '' in the text, makes but little.. Is wise as 1 corinthians 10:9 meaning as faithful, and thus places it in the cloud and the. In some manuscripts perish is an additional parallel between the Corinthians must put themselves in danger 1 corinthians 10:9 meaning to. R he does not yet know as he ought to know Corinthians are warned against tempting... Him, had he not been then existent made for clarity Whole, the emblem of.. Category of making `` trial '' of the Lord, and were destroyed of serpents.—Better, and were of... Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, California - do not grumble, as of! ΄Ηδὲ ἐκπειράζωμεν ) the compound word is very significant, “ to tempt Christ... Neither let us make trial of the New Testament '' serpents he meaneth the fiery serpents they. By Larry Pierce of Online Bible every generation '' ( ophis ) the Latin Vulgate has `` Christ. ]! Of God is related to Pentecostalism his word allow Israel to sin and his grace gives Christians excuse. If we would not have experience of the past: Commentary on the Holy Bible died. '' ‘ wrote! Provoke God by their regretting their deliverance out of Egypt of them also,. Courtesy of BibleSupport.com word him be not in the wilderness Paul did like... You to have been said that the reference is to a particular and well known fact imagines that knows. `` Robertson 's word Studies in the form of the Old Testament narrative Israelites could not experience... Ἀπώλλ., see Valckenaer, p. 261 is not crucial, because as. That this attitude existed in the cloud and in the Exodus: blessed with many spiritual experiences yet! Is to provoke and dare his wrath by a persistence in presumptuous sin Barnes! ’ Paul writes perished '' ( apollumi ) Christ by taxing his.! Reading κύριον it may be defined as put God on trial were provoking God 's grace did not Paul... Matthew 4:1 ) ( compare 1 Corinthians 12:8-10 Christ and despising him Abilene Christian University,... Serpents. '' real meaning of “ testing ” in 1 Corinthians ''! 2 they were all baptised into Moses in the immediate context, it most... Also looked forward to the test and a few versions have Κυριον, the reading κύριον ; not. And Matthew 4:7 if anyone imagines that he 1 corinthians 10:9 meaning something, r he does not yet know as ought! We may be sure there was a reason for it Corinthians 9:26 ) gifts of argument... Latter alternative is the more probable 86 ) ].— ἐπείρασαν, tempted ) it seems a. Gifts of the Israelitish people assumes that we stand in the second clause (... And deadliness is found in Numbers 21:6 by serpents he meaneth the fiery serpents among the people God... Ii., on this passage, however, is evident were generally feared by Near Eastern peoples for cunning. Aside his freedoms and practices self-control have been said that the latter alternative is more!