Making such high power levels from such relatively limited displacement is a result of using very high boost levels and running at extremely high RPMs; both of these stress the internal components to a high degree, meaning that the peak power can only safely be achieved for brief periods of time, and even then only by intentionally sacrificing components. Nitromethane also has a high latent heat of vaporization, meaning that it will absorb substantial engine heat as it vaporizes, providing an invaluable cooling mechanism. At launch, his Top Fuel dragster can pull 6gs and if all goes well, he passes 330 mph (531 km/h) in around 3.6 seconds. 2225 Minimum weight, in pounds, of a Top Fuel dragster. Of course, between each run the engine received a thorough refresh that included pistons, cylinder heads, a new supercharger belt, and a full tank of specially brewed oil. Your cost may be lower in the short term with ethanol-laden street gas, but over the long run, you’ll pay more for repairing or rebuilding the degraded fuel system in your small engine. Exhaust temperature is about 500 °F (260 °C) at idle and 1,796 °F (980 °C) by the end of a run. A Top Fuel engine will consume more than 14 gallons of fuel over the entire time from start-up to the finish line. Each con rod has two bolts, shell bearings for the big end while the pin runs directly in the rod. Ear plugs and even earmuffs are often handed out to fans at the entrance of a Top Fuel event. The long duration spark (up to 26 degrees) provides energy of 950 millijoules (0.23 calth).  The first female driver in the Top Fuel category is also the most associated female in the drag racing world, Shirley Muldowney, who won three championships during her career. Mechanical roller lifters (cam followers) ride atop the cam lobes and drive the steel push rods up into the steel rocker arms that actuate the valves. How much fuel does a Top Fuel Dragster burn in one .250 mile run? All components are limited to the number of runs so depending how many reach their limit this run, governs how much this one run will cost. Mandatory safety rules require a secured Kevlar-style blanket over the supercharger assembly as "blower explosions" are not uncommon, from the volatile air/fuel mixture coming from the fuel injectors being drawn directly through them. "50 Years of Funny Cars: Part 2" in, Wallace, Dave.  These cars ran in NHRA's S/FX class, variously defined as "Super Factory Experimental" or "Supercharged Factory Experimental". The ignition system provides initial 60,000 volts and 1.2 amperes. The 426 Hemi-based engine block is aluminum, as are the supercharger, massive cylinder heads, and rods. Haul your horses with this Ferrari 412 pickup conversion, Wrenchin’ Wednesday: Efficient, no-mess grease packing, Chip Foose reimagines the iconic Jaguar E-type, Chip Foose reinvents the 1966 Ford Bronco with street-savvy style, First wash in 40 years: Detailing our Barn Find Chevy with Larry from Ammo NYC | Redline Update, Moving a Ferrari and a Cobra to get to a Triumph and Morgan Plus 8 | Barn Find Hunter – Ep. ", "FORGET 8,000 HORSEPOWER ... TOP FUEL IS NOW OVER 10,000 HORSEPOWER! All that adds up to why reaction times are slower in a fuel car than say a transbrake car. 91, Carburetor Basics | Kyle’s Garage – Ep.24, Redline meets Barnfind Hunter for our next rebuild | Redline Update. A 55-gallon drum of nitromethane today costs about $900. A Top Fuel dragster accelerates to over 100 miles per hour in less than one second, burns 1.2 gallons of nitromethane (again, per second) and actually registers on … The recipe, despite its lack of diversity, is an effective one; 526 cubic inch Hemi engine, big top-mounted roots supercharger, direct drive transmission, mega fuel systems, huge wings and monster tires. The run including tire warming is about 100 seconds which results in a "lap" of about three minutes. The rockers are of roller tip type on the intake and exhaust sides. Typical safety equipment for contemporary top fuel dragsters: full face helmets with fitted HANS devices; multi-point, quick release safety restraint harness; full body fire suit made of Nomex or similar material, complete with face mask, gloves, socks, shoes, and outer sock-like boots, all made of fire-resistant materials; on board fire extinguishers; kevlar or other synthetic "bullet-proof" blankets around the superchargers and clutch assemblies to contain broken parts in the event of failure or explosion; damage resistant fuel tank, lines, and fittings; externally accessible fuel and ignition shut-offs (built to be accessible to rescue staff); braking parachutes; and a host of other equipment, all built to the very highest standards of manufacturing. Because when you tear down a hot engine, studs mitigate thread damage after multiple disassemblies compared to bolts. In 2000, the NHRA mandated the maximum concentration of nitromethane in a car's fuel be no more than 90%.  (Nix tried to persuade Chrisman to get Mercury Racing Director Fran Hernandez to allow him to run his Comet's 427 on nitro, as a way to gain leverage on NHRA, so Nix could use nitro himself). That's a power-to-weight ratio of 3.37 horsepower per pound, about 20 times better than the new Z06 Corvette's. BME Top Fuel Dragster Specifications and Component List. They can go from 0 to 60 mph in half a second. . The NHRA also mandated that different rear tires be used to reduce failure, and that a titanium "shield" be attached around the back-half of the roll-cage to prevent any debris from entering the cockpit. This motor may last a few hundred years before it would need rebuilding or replacement. Beryllium-copper has been tried but its use is limited due to its toxicity. - posted in The Nostalgia Forum: When was the last time that a front-engined slingshot Top Fuel dragster competed in a NHRA event? to compare the experience of watching a Top Fuel dragster make a pass to 'feeling as though the entire drag strip is being bombed. The cylinder heads are machined from aluminum billets. The absence of a protective blanket exposes the driver, team and spectators to shrapnel in the event that nearly any irregularity in the induction of the air/fuel mixture, the conversion of combustion into rotating crankshaft movements, or in the exhausting of spent gasses is encountered. Also different question. The lightweight drag rails can travel a quarter-mile in 4.4 seconds while achieving speeds of more than 335 mph. Top fuel drag cars are long and narrow, have large rear tires and extremely narrow front tires, and very little sits between the driver and the explosive powertrain. -The current Top Fuel dragster elapsed time record is 4.441 seconds for the quarter mile. It has press-fitted, ductile iron liners. The engine of a Top Fuel dragster generates around 150 dB of sound at full throttle, enough to cause physical pain or even permanent damage. NHRA Top Fuel dragsters are the world's fastest accelerating land vehicles. Since 2015, NHRA regulations limit the composition of the fuel to a maximum of 90% nitromethane; the remainder is largely methanol. After each lap, the entire engine is disassembled and examined, and worn or damaged components are replaced. "Winter Heat: '87 NHRA Wnternationals", in, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The Mag: Drag racing, the loudest sport", "FORGET 8,000 HORSEPOWER ... TOP FUEL IS NOW OVER 10,000 HORSEPOWER! It has twisted lobes and is driven by a toothed belt. A normal street driven engine, lets say 300hp, will have a life of maybe 100-150k miles. Before their run, racers often perform a burnout in order to clean and heat tires. Measuring the power output of a top fuel engine directly is not always feasible. These engines are right there flirting with the limits.”. When Hagerty resident wrench Davin Reckow called Don Schumacher Racing with the idea of doing a Redline Rebuild for one of its Top Fuel engines, we weren’t sure what the answer would be. , In 1971, Don Garlits introduced the Swamp Rat XIV, a rear-engined Top Fuel dragster.  These cars ran in NHRA's S/FX class, variously defined as "Super Factory Experimental" or "Supercharged Factory Experimental". Valve sizes are around 2.45 in (62.2 mm) for the intake and 1.925 in (48.9 mm) for the exhaust. Over time, sediment and gum will form when oxygen reacts with the fuel, so it’s important there’s as little air … ' Before a run, race announcers usually advise spectators to cover or plug their ears. When you are building an engine with more horsepower, the general rule is that the engine will not last as long. He packed up his tools and did his best Tony Schumacher impression by stomping the pedal down and blasting straight to Brownsburg. There are no water passages in the block, which adds considerable strength and stiffness. The air/fuel mixture is ignited by two 14 mm (0.55 in) spark plugs per cylinder. 100. The dual valve springs are of coaxial type and made out of titanium. (engine revolutions per quarter mile) Here is what ~I came up with... A top fuel dragster on a 4.5 second pass... Average 8,000 rpm/60 seconds = 133.3 engine revolutions per second. 540. The piston is anodized and Teflon coated to prevent galling during the high thrust load operation encountered. They also mandated enclosed roll cages.. As such, they, too, lack water jackets and rely entirely on the incoming air/fuel mixture and lubricating oil for their cooling. This also was the result of the fatal crash at Gateway International Raceway. The fastest class in the National Hot Rod Association (NHRA) drag-racing series, a top-fuel dragster can rocket to 300 mph in less than 4 seconds. 6 seconds. He also noted that torque specs for the engine internals are much higher than in a stock engine—cylinder heads are ran down to 140 lb-ft of torque compared 85 lb-ft on a regular Hemi. Fuel is injected by a constant flow injection system. Thank you This top fuel dragster quiz will amaze you with its raw power. At peak power, each 62ci cylinder generates 1,000-plus horsepower, equaling 16 … Like the cam follower rollers, the steel tip roller rotates on a steel roller bearing and the steel rocker arms rotate on a pair of through-hardened tool steel shafts within bronze bushings. 3.6 seconds. It runs in five oil pressure lubricated bearing shells and is driven by gears in the front of the engine. The shortening of the distance was used by the FIA at some tracks, and as of 2012 is now the standard Top Fuel distance defined by the FIA. Thus, to attain maximum performance, before each race, by varying the level of fuel supplied to the engine, the mechanical crew may select power outputs barely below the limits of tire traction. Usually a race is started with a leaner mixture, then as the clutch begins to tighten as the engine speed builds, the air/fuel mixture is enriched. The crew does this in about two hours between rounds. The International Hot Rod Association, which now sanctions Top Fuel in Australia, dropped the distance in September 2017 after Santo Rapisarda, a car owner who often runs NHRA races in the United States, pushed for the change. Additionally, the burnout applies a layer of fresh rubber to the track surface, which greatly improves traction during launch.  By 1987, NHRA Top Fuel Funny Car was drawing twice as many entrants as positions available. This means that a "fueler" engine will provide power over a very broad range from very lean to very rich mixtures.  Bob Hansen won Top Fuel Eliminator (TFE) in his A/HR, with a speed of 136 mph (219 km/h). … 180 degree crankshafts have been tried and they can offer increased power. While many of the parts look brand new as they go back together, our rebuild showcases a balance of refurbished parts and new. As daunting as those engines are given the amount of raw power, at the end of the day they’re generally simple. 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