To Abraham and his seed were the promises made.—It was expressly stated that the promises were given “to Abraham and his seed.” The exact terms are worth noting. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. A little reason and reflection would have kept them from so gross an inconsistency. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. At one time, *Greek leaders had ruled Ephesus.Now the *Romans ruled the city. This passage is a conspicuous instance of the advance which has been made in New Testament exegesis. All people do … Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. He was born a Jew, under the authority of God's Law. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. They which are of faith.—Those whose principles of action are derived from faith; those whose master-motive is faith. The different point of view is natural enough, according as the subject is regarded from the side of man or from the side of God. Hath concluded.—The same peculiar word occurs in Romans 11:32, with a similar sense. $3.99 a month puts a library of commentaries, study notes, and Greek & Hebrew language tools right in your pocket. He is released from pupilage, and has received his freedom. It is wonderful to have a soft, tender heart before God. Law and promise are two totally different and mutually exclusive things. Not only had both the same Author, and formed part of the same scheme, but they were actually the counterparts one of the other. Nothing more than this is said. Children of Abraham.—This idea of a spiritual descent from Abraham is found also in Romans 4:11-12; Romans 4:16; Romans 9:6-8. (1-5) Whence this strange relapse? This is a sign of spiritual immaturity, even as a baby will stick anything into its mouth. Till the seed should come to whom the promise was made.—By “the seed” is meant, as above, in Galatians 3:16, Christ, the Messiah. He will only place the present conduct of the Galatians in contrast with their past, and ask how they can possibly reconcile the two. The blessing of Abraham.—That is, the blessing pronounced upon Abraham and to be fulfilled in his seed. If He had not died they must have died. Both in the Hebrew and in the LXX., however, the noun, though singular, is collective. The man that doeth them.—By “them” is meant the “statutes” and “judgments” mentioned immediately before in the verse (Leviticus 18:5) from which the quotation is taken. ii. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament. By the hearing of faith.—These words correspond very nearly to a phrase which we should perhaps use more naturally: by the preaching of faith—i.e., by that preaching or hearing (hearing on the part of the recipients, preaching on that of the missionary Apostles) which has for its subject faith. The death of Christ involved a curse because the manner of it was by suspension from a cross. 3 In this great chapter, Paul proceeded, after relating his confrontation with the apostle Peter, to expound the central theme of Galatians, which is Justification by the Faith of Jesus Christ. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. Receive the promise of the Spirit.—A special outpouring of the Spirit was to be one of the characteristics of the great Messianic manifestation. (1) Foolish.—The same word as that which is used in Luke 24:25, “O ye fools and slow of heart,” and in Romans 1:14, “wise and foolish,” 1 Timothy 6:9, and Titus 3:3, but not the same as that which is used in Matthew 7:26; Matthew 23:17; Luke 11:40; Romans 1:22; 1 Corinthians 1:20; 1 Corinthians 4:10; 2 Corinthians 11:19, &c. The combination, “fools and slow of heart,” helps to bring out its meaning. But before faith — That is, the gospel dispensation, came, we — The nation of the Jews; were kept under the law — Under that dispensation, as condemned malefactors are guarded in close custody; shut up — As prisoners under sentence; unto the faith which should afterward be revealed — Reserved and prepared for the gospel. But God is one.—On the other hand, God, the giver of the promise, stands alone: therefore the promise is not a contract; and, resting on God, it is indefeasible. If retained, the translation should be: unto Christ—i.e., “with a view to Christ,” to find its fulfilment in Christ. Unlike the Law, faith is open to all Gentiles as well as Jews. The Law was not kept, and therefore the blessings annexed to it were forfeited. (27) For.—This introduces the reason why the Christian stands to God in the relation of an adult son. Nor is any excluded. In other words, it is a contract. Is that due to the Law and works, or is it due to Christ and faith in Him? He wrote it to people in the town called Ephesus. (4) Suffered so many things.—The Galatians, like other churches, were subjected to much persecution when first they embraced Christianity. Galatians is Paul writing Romans mad. also the Excursus E to that Epistle, on “Imputed Righteousness.”. Vincent's Word Studies. The Apostle cannot quite bring himself to believe that it is, and he puts in this delicate qualification parenthetically, to show the Galatians that, much as appearances may be against them, he will not give up the hope that a lingering spark of their first joyous conviction, in the strength of which they had undergone persecution, yet remained. In them.—His life shall spring out of them and be nourished by them, just as a tree strikes its roots into the earth. “Every one” is found in the Peshito Syriac, which may have been influenced by the language of St. Paul; “in all things” is found in the Samaritan Pentateuch, which certainly was not so influenced. It was given by a mediator—that is, a person acting between two parties. The object of the promise, as recorded in the Book of Genesis, was, in the first instance, the possession of the land of Canaan; but St. Paul here, as elsewhere, gives it a spiritual application. Christianity, at one stroke, established the brotherhood and abolished the distinctions. King James Version. Now a mediator is not a mediator of one.—The very idea of a mediator involves two parties at least. (Comp. Having begun in the Spirit.—Begun your career as Christians in a manner so entirely spiritual—with the spiritual act of faith on your part, and with an answering gift of spiritual graces and powers. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. Preached before the gospel.—For this translation we might substitute, announced the glad tidings beforehand. Foreseeing.—It appears to have been a rather common formula among the Jews to say “What saw the Scripture?” (i.e., What had the Scripture in sight, or in view?) We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. The “curse” was the penalty which the Law itself imposed upon all who failed to keep it. Still, faith is as much opposed to works (i.e., a spirit of literal and mechanical obedience) as it is to Law, and excludes both at once. 15, § 2, with Ant. Two parties were involved, with rigid conditions binding them both. By Faith, or by Works of the Law? Though the wicked and proud shall be destroyed, the righteous man shall live “by his faith.” There is some division of opinion amongst commentators as to whether the word translated “faith” means, in the original, faith in the active sense or faith in the passive sense—“fidelity,” “faithfulness,” or “trust in God.” The sense in which the word is used by St Paul is most nearly related to the latter. Ministereth.—The notion contained in this word is not only that of “supply,” but of “liberal supply.” At Athens it was the custom for wealthy citizens to bear the cost of bringing out the chorus—which was practically equivalent to putting a play upon the stage—at the great public feasts. If the promise had been fulfilled before the giving of the Law, and if the Messianic dispensation to which the Apostle and his readers belonged was not a fulfilment of the promise, then the Law might have had something to do with it: the restrictions of the Law might have come in to limit and contract the promise: the Gentiles might have been saddled with the obligations of the Jews. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of This is a privilege reserved for faith. Faith was the cause, blessing the consequence, which extends to all the spiritual descendants of Abraham. That the Law could not justify had been shown in Galatians 3:11 and in Romans 3:20. The preposition which means “instead” is found in Matthew 20:28; 1 Timothy 2:6. This superstition lingers still, especially in some southern countries, such as Italy and Spain. And to seeds, as of many; but as of one.—The argument of the Apostle turns upon the use, both in the Hebrew and in the LXX., of a singular instead of a plural noun. The questions cut like a knife... View the entire commentary. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. The one system is spiritual, the other is carnal and material. “It enables me to answer the most basic of all human questions, ‘Who am I?’ and to say, ‘In Christ I am a son of God. Design of the Law; The True Children of Abraham. Such a judgment would be the Chaldean invasion; and when the prophet Habakkuk says that the “just shall live,” he means that he should be saved from this calamity, and still continue to enjoy the divine favour and protection. The meaning is, “Those who take their character from works done in obedience to law—the cast of whose lives is determined by the principle of legal obedience. (5) The appeal by which the Apostle sought to check the defection of his thoughtless converts was not only an appeal to their past experience, when first they listened to his own preaching, but also to their present experience of facts that they saw actually going on among them. 3 Galatians 3 We become right with God when we trust Jesus 1 You Christians in Galatia are like fools! If it did not affect the promise, what did it do? (12) The law is not of faith.—The ruling principle of the Law is not faith, but something else—works. xv. It did not speak of “seeds,” but of “seed”—not of “descendants,” but of “descendant.” And the Messiah is, par excellence, the “descendant” of Abraham. Galatians 3:6. In St. Stephen’s speech and in Josephus (Ant. (13) Christ hath redeemed us.—Better, Christ redeemed us. From this they were released, and the blessings of the theocracy hitherto annexed to the Law were thrown open to them by the death of Christ. The antithesis is: faith—blessing; law—curse. 6, 81, 82). Galatians 3:18-4:14 Study the entire Bible verse by verse at He shined forth from mount Paran, and He came with ten thousands of saints.” For “saints” the LXX. It depended upon the fallible action of man, and not only upon the infallible word of God. ... Galatians 3:18. After beginning by means of the Spirit, are you now trying to finish by means of the flesh? This matters deeply to him. Christ died as such a criminal, and so came under the curse. The argument is the same, whichever standpoint is assumed. In like manner it is said, in Hebrews 7:9, that “Levi paid tithes in Abraham.”, The quotation is a combination of Genesis 12:3 (“In thee shall all families of the earth be blessed”) and Genesis 18:18 (“All the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him.”). Who has bewitched you? Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 3:1-5 Several things made the folly of the Galatian Christians worse. In the hand of a mediator.—Through the instrumentality of a third person, distinct from the contracting parties—i.e., in this case, Moses. (19-25) Under the gospel state true believers are … But by so doing it prepared the way for the fulfilment of the promise in all who put faith in Christ. It was added.—It was not a part of the original scheme, but came in as a sort of marginal addition. There is a unity or solidarity in the Christian body. The same idea is presented in two different forms. At the same time, it abolished the dominion of the Law, and threw open the Messianic blessedness to Gentiles as well as Jews: in other words, to all who gave in their adhesion to the Messiah by faith. After his usual greeting,‘I pray that you will have *grace and *peace’, Paul did not continue withgentle, loving words as he always did in his other letters. Now we are going to flipflop back and forth through these two passages. The scripture.—Here, with a more decided personification than usual, the Scripture is said to foresee what God, by whom Scripture is inspired, foresaw. After you log in your content will be available in your library. (G)3 Are you so foolish? 3 ... creating one is easy and only takes a few moments. You can also change some of your preferences. The quotation is made by Justin (Trypho, § 95) in precisely the same words as by St. Paul. At this present moment the gift of spiritual grace and miraculous power still in some measure continues, and where it is seen, is it not in clear connection—not with legal observances—but with faith in Christ? It has the full-developed Christian meaning, which begins in belief, includes trust, and passes on to become an active energy of devotion. The promise in Leviticus declares that he who keeps the Law shall be preserved from all judgments of this kind. It is said to have received as many as 250 or 300 (according to another estimate, even 430) interpretations, but at the present moment there is a tendency to acquiesce in that given above, which, it is hoped, will be thought satisfactory. The business people soldmodels of Diana’s *temple there. This deliverance is represented under the form of a ransom. The use of the present tense implies that the justification of the Gentiles is regarded as forming part of the eternal purpose of God, to whom the future and the present are one. This verse contains the direct inference from the argument stated in Galatians 3:15. You can check these in your browser security settings. The ignominious death by which He died was one to which the curse of God specially attached. He had *preached the *good news about Jesus and many people becameChristians. (Comp. Horace notes as a peculiar advantage of his own that his father himself had taken the place of pedagogue to him (Sat. 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