Sprigs of American holly are often used in wreaths, centerpieces, and other Christmas decorations. Unlike the species, 'Maryland Dwarf' isn't a tree at all, but a prostrate shrub that only gradually—reluctantly—mounds upward to three to five feet tall at the highest. Helleri Holly: Helleri Holly is a low mounding evergreen shrub with small, rounded, boxwood-like, dark green leaves. Planting. The American holly tree has been popular since the beginning of American history, having served the Native Americans with wood for many different applications and berries that were used for buttons and barter. From coastal Massachusetts to Central Florida, the Greenleaf American Holly Shrub delights with evergreen foliage in a sleek, pyramidal form. Hollies can also be planted individually as ornamental trees, accenting gardens and entryways. Growing holly bushes in your yard can add structure and a splash of color in the winter and a lush, green backdrop for other flowers in the summer. Male and female flowers appear on separate trees and trees of both sexes must be located in the same neighborhood to ensure production of berries on the female plants. A male plant must grow within 30 to 40 feet of a female for good fruit production. Most Holly … Only plants will be removed from the collection. American holly Legal Status. American Holly (Common Holly / English Holly) Ilex aquifolium ‘Alaska’ The ‘Alaska’ holly is especially well-suited plant to growing as a privacy hedge. They do not contain caffeine. Holly Bushes for a Fence Line. They also used the hard wood for various purposes. It’s dense, yet slim growth creates narrow privacy hedges. [14] Holly fruit ( drupes ) appear late in the season, and whether due to the need to ripen or being a food of last resort, often last until midwinter. Some are ideal for short hedges, while others make excellent, tall screens for privacy. The red glow of the berries contrasts well against the dark green foliage and makes a beautiful ornamental tree. It was said to be a favorite of George Washington, and more than a dozen hollies he planted are still evident today. Holly (Ilex aquifolium) Hedge Plant Description. Soil Conditions. It is often used in place of English holly, especially in Christmas decorations. Ilex opaca. American holly is a broad-leaved evergreen tree reaching 40 to 50 feet high, densely pyramidal in youth becoming more open and symmetrically conical with age. They bear bright scarlet berries. (EYE-leks) The Ilex genus contains more than 780 evergreen and 30 deciduous species of trees and shrubs native to North and South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australia. Some other cultivars of the American Holly are Cobalt, Cardinal Hedge… It is one of the best shade shrubs for fall and winter, as it displays beautiful foliage all year. The fast-growing Ilex x aquipernyi, hardy to U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 9, is an ideal, hybrid specimen with several varieties for a larger hedge. The shrubs will either be in containers (usually plastic) or wrapped in burlap, which is referred to as B&B (ball and burlap). American Holly Information. Accept Deleting this collection CANNOT be undone. Remove intersecting or crossing branches to a branch union when thinning your holly bushes. Beautifully shaped, Ilex opaca (American Holly) is an upright, evergreen tree of symmetrical, dense, pyramidal habit with stout, stiff branches bearing leathery, dark green leaves, 2-4 in. Growing American Holly Trees. per year (15 cm). In the landscape, American holly trees make excellent specimen trees, hedges or street trees. It's no wonder why it's America's favorite holly. Apply a 2- to 4-inch layer of mulch around the holly hedge after planting. These fast-growing privacy trees are often pruned as hedges, blocking out unwanted noise and intrusions. It can grow well … With a professional background in gardening, landscapes, pests and natural ecosystems, Jasey Kelly has been sharing her knowledge through writing since 2009 and has served as an expert writer in these fields. Some are ideal for short hedges, while others make excellent, tall screens for privacy. The dark green, elliptical leaves have several spiny teeth along the leaf margin. American holly tends to grow in a pyramidal shape that starts right from the base of the trunk. For a single-row hedge, dig the trench approximately 1 1/2 to 2 times as wide as the root balls. 1. American Holly will grow up to 2 feet a year, after becoming established during the first year, so a screen or hedge perhaps 20 feet tall could grow in just ten years under ideal conditions. Explore. American holly is a beautifully shaped tree, with a symmetrical, dense, wide pyramidal form. For a staggered hedge, which is preferred for a thicker, taller hedge, dig two trenches within about 1 foot from each other. To use the website as intended please  Ilex opaca: American Holly 4 Pests Holly leaf miner larvae mines out the leaf middle leaving yellow or brown trails. This type grows up to a height of 15 to 30 feet. American Holly. It's no wonder why it's America's favorite holly. Like other trees, however, they can also be planted and grown individually. American holly normally grows to heights of 15 to 30 feet tall, but records indicate mature heights of up to 100 feet. The dense branches of this holly grow nearly horizontal in a You may select a narrower clone of Ilex opaca - may I suggest 'Cheerful' - or another clone that suits you. American holly trees (Ilex opaca) were valued long before Europeans arrived. American Holly Tree for Sale Online. Join now and start creating your dream garden! American holly is a slow grower and typically matures to a height of 30 feet (but may be taller in the wild). Ilex opaca, commonly called American holly, is an upright, pyramidal, evergreen tree that slowly matures to 15-30' in cultivation, but may reach 50' tall in the wild. If you’re looking to create a hedge or some other formal shape with your holly, use a series of deliberate cuts that removes the end of a branch to a bud or leaf node. The American holly, called the evergreen or Christmas holly (Ilex opaca Aiton) was named the state tree of Delaware on 1 May 1939. (EYE-leks) The Ilex genus contains more than 780 evergreen and 30 deciduous species of trees and shrubs native to North and South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australia. We use cookies on this website, you can read about them here. Yes, it grows steadily. This species is easily identified because it is the only native U.S. h… Due to extensive cultivation of the American Holly by nurseryman and gardeners alike, there are currently over 1000 different cultivars, with more being patented every year (Holly Society of America).The tree is ridiculously tough. The American holly, called the evergreen or Christmas holly (Ilex opaca Aiton) was named the state tree of Delaware on 1 May 1939. It has thick, smooth, dark green, spiny leaves that are a … Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device. The American Holly (Ilex opaca) also called the White Holly or Christmas Holly, is the most familiar holly. Not sure which Ilex - Hollies to pick?Compare All Ilex - Hollies, Great Plant Combination Ideas with Ilex - Hollies. Eventually the spots turn reddish New York. American holly (Ilex opaca) is a small to medium-size tree with a dense, pyramidal growth habit. If you're looking for the look of a classic holly in a smaller growth habit, look no further. Characteristics. Chinese and Japanese hollies may require regular light pruning to maintain a sculpted shape, such as a hedge … contains hundreds of species varying in size, shape and leaf color. The American Holly is an award-winning tree, noted for its adaptable nature. Plants are prized for their glossy, evergreen foliage and bright red fruit. The mulch regulates the soil temperature and moisture. Only the female plants produce berries, which are also a source of food for wildlife. The American Holly is considered one of the most popular trees in the world. For a shorter hedge, the best choice is the Japanese holly … In the landscape, American holly trees make excellent specimen trees, hedges … The red glow of the berries contrasts well against the dark green foliage and makes a beautiful ornamental tree. Bears 1/2-inch red berries which persist through winter. The thorny leaf edges of this plant makes it an excellent defensive shrub to help keep trespassers out of your yard. American Holly is a very slow-growing tree, adding only 6 in. This is the feature that is perhaps most likened to the Christmas season. American holly normally grows to heights of 15 to 30 feet tall, but records indicate mature heights of up to 100 feet. Jul 4, 2016 - Brighten your landscape with the gorgeous greenery and classic style of our American Holly Trees. A pyramid-shaped evergreen tree with spines on its foliage, American holly blooms in May or June (depending on where you live). American Holly Berries. Trees are either male or female and require several to get fruit production. The compost or other amendments improve drainage while adding nutrients to the soil. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Commonly used as a decoration during the holidays. American holly tends to grow in a pyramidal shape that starts right from the base of the trunk. Because they are such popular plants, many people have questions about the care of holly bushes. Yes, American Holly can be sheared to a fine hedge - but you have to decide whether you have room for it and resources to devote to keeping this plant within the dimensions that you will allow it to occupy. American Holly is tolerant of many types of soil, but does best in richer soils that are not too dry. Carolina Holly (Ilex ambigua) Carolina holly is one of the deciduous species of holly. Due to extensive cultivation of the American Holly by nurseryman and gardeners alike, there are currently over 1000 different cultivars, with more being patented every year (Holly Society of America).The tree is ridiculously tough. While it can grow in partial shade, you will achieve denser growth if you give it full sun. And they require minimal care, growing in a variety of climates and resisting mildew, disease and insects… American Holly (Common Holly / English Holly) Ilex aquifolium ‘Alaska’ The ‘Alaska’ holly is especially well-suited plant to growing as a privacy hedge. Check these Great Plant Combination Ideas with Ilex - Hollies, An Eye-Catching Border Idea with colorful Allium and Euphorbia, A Charming Plant Combination for Shady Gardens: Hydrangea, Japanese Maple and Boxwood, Cherry Blossoms and Camassia for my Spring Garden, A Super Climbing Duo with Crimson Roses and Purple Clematis, A Spectacular Summer Planting Idea with Dahlia, Zinnia, Chinese Aster and Ammi visnaga, A Fabulous Duo: Rose 'Bonica' and Lavender 'Hidcote', A Cheerful Border Idea with Liatris, Sedum and Heliopsis, A Great Summer Planting Idea with Mexican Sunflowers, Zinnia and Grasses, Cut Flowers, Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries. long (5-10 cm), adorned with spine-tipped teeth. Although many species can reach upwards 50 feet, many landscapers choose to prune the tree to a more manageable height. The Best Ways to Arrange Blueberry Bushes, University of California Davis: Holly (Ilex spp. Cookies, This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google, Ilex verticillata 'Red Sprite' (Winterberry), Ilex x meserveae 'Blue Princess' (Blue Holly), Ilex verticillata 'Winter Gold' (Winterberry), Ilex verticillata 'Winter Red' (Winterberry), Ilex aquifolium 'Ferox Argentea' (English Holly), Ilex crenata 'Sky Pencil' (Japanese Holly), Shrubs and Trees with Colorful Fruits and Berries in Winter, Native Plant Alternatives to Poncirus trifoliata (Hardy Orange), Native Plant Alternatives to Mahonia bealei (Leatherleaf Mahonia), Native Plant Alternatives to Ilex aquifolium (English Holly), Native Plant Alternatives to Albizia julibrissin (Silk Tree), Create a Garden with Great Winter Interest, Attractive Evergreen Shrubs and Trees with Red Fruits and Berries, Attractive Deciduous Shrubs and Trees with Red Fruits and Berries, Want Garden Inspiration? Holly offers an attractive, hardy shrub or full-sized screen to set against a fence line, softening the view and screening out a neighbor's yard. Native Americans dried the berries and used them for buttons or decorations. If the roots are balled and burlapped, the nursery should have already scored the roots for you. But it looks the same year-round. Jul 4, 2016 - Brighten your landscape with the gorgeous greenery and classic style of our American Holly Trees. A holly hedge can provide privacy and mark a boundary like a property line. Ilex spp. Its prickly leaves are a dark green color. The spiny, dull green leaves are accented with clusters of red berries which persist throughout the fall and winter. Ilex opaca is dioecious, with male and female flowers on separate trees. American Holly. On the poor soils of coastal beaches, this holly may never exceed shrub size. Growing American Holly Trees. You might think American Holly is a Christmas plant with red berries or winter berries, but what you might not realize is that it is a stunning deciduous shrub. American, Chinese and Japanese hollies can be pruned lightly throughout the year. It is a small tree or shrub with striking evergreen foliage that's perfect for a privacy hedge. Water the hedge thoroughly after planting and water for 20 minutes three times a week. The red berries also add festive spots of color against dark green leaves that are set off by snow covering the landscape. It’s dense, yet slim growth creates narrow privacy hedges. It produces abundant small greenish-white flowers in spring that are followed by a profusion of attractive bright red berries on pollinated female trees. Common names are from state and federal lists. American Holly Berries. Chinese holly, also known as horned holly, is an evergreen shrub or small tree that can be planted as part of a drought-tolerant landscape. 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