Chamaerops humilis is more commonly known as the Mediterranean dwarf palm or European fan palm. It is in leaf all year, in flower from April to June. This will help to soften the seed coat. When growing in pots, place the root ball in a mixture of potting soil and loam with gravel at the bottom for proper drainage. We use cookies on this website, you can read about them here. These palms are considered a medium maintenance plant. It often suckers from the base of the main trunk to form a clump of 8-10 trunks, but it can be easily trained to grow with a single trunk by regularly … If possible, soak the seeds for 24 hours before sowing them and warm imbibe them too. Native to the western and central Mediterranean region. Make sure you are fully prepared and wear protective gloves when you prune the plant, as the sharp thorns on its stalks can cause injury. European fan palm, sometimes called Mediterranean fan palm, also works well when grown in containers or clustered in the landscape. It’s naturally slow growing and rarely exceeds head height. The European Fan Palm (Chamaerops humilis) is a small palm tree or sub-shrub that is grown in the garden for ornamental and landscaping purposes. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. Details C. humilis is a bushy evergreen palm making a medium-sized shrub, often stemless or multi-stemmed, with a rounded mass of fan-shaped leaves to 45cm in length. Chamaerops humilis aka Mediterranean Fan Palm. It belongs to the family Arecaceae and is currently the only completely accepted species of the genus Chamaerops. European Fan Palm Tree (Chamaerops humilis) flowers During late spring months the Mediterranean Fan Palm produces small yellow flowers. When mature, palms cultivated indoors will reach about four feet in height. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. Grows in Sun to Part Sun. Chamaerops humilis photograph by Jacinta lluch valero. Dig a hole that is thrice the size of the root ball and plant it without burying the base of the stem. Chamaerops humilis - European Fan Palm by Monetwwqi: Apr 17, 2018 8:55 PM: 0: Chamaerops humilis - European Fan Palm by Monetwwqi: Apr 19, 2018 10:17 AM: 1: Scientific name & care? The fine-textured fronds make the palm stand out from other plants in the landscape. The curved, clumping, short trunks and gray-green, fan-shaped leaves, borne thickly in a bushy head, make a stunning sculptural element in a garden or patio containers. The palms with a solitary, rather than clumping, habit are sometimes sold as Chamaerops humilis var. Container grown Mediterranean Fan Palm photograph by Maja Dumat, CC. Grows up to 6-15 ft. tall (180-450 cm) and 6-20 ft. wide (180-600 cm). The European palm produces yellow flowers on occasion. In colder areas grow in containers and bring indoors from autumn to spring. The flowers are monoecious, individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant. Chamaerops humilis is an evergreen Tree growing to 1.5 m (5ft) by 1.5 m (5ft) at a slow rate. Plants can reach heights of about 15 feet (4.5 m). This spectacular front yard is a beautiful marriage of... Use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden. Water the palms regularly during the first year after planting if planted directly in the garden. The hardiest of all palms available, this Mediterranean native is a clumping species forming multiple slender trunks topped with attractive, spiny, fan-like bluish-green fronds. These green, unripe seeds will soon ripen when they'll darken, dry and fall from the plant. Plant as a specimen or in groups. Choose a large pot. Well look no further than European fan palm, Chamaerops humilis. by AlwaysGreen: Jan 26, 2018 7:24 PM: 7 Dividing clumps or removing suckers can be difficult. Thrives in coastal conditions. We recommend moving this block and the preceding CSS link to the HEAD of your HTML file. Chamaerops humilis, commonly known as Mediterranean fan palm or European fan palm, is a single- to multiple-trunked evergreen palm with an upright irregular form that typically matures as a shrub or small tree growing to 6-15’ tall with a spread to 6-20’ wide. Northern gardeners rejoice, this fan palm can tolerate freezing temperatures!The European fan palm (Chamaerops humilis), also known as the Mediterranean fan palm or the Mediterranean dwarf palm, is the most cold-hardy species of palm tree, tolerating temperatures as low as 10 degrees Fahrenheit (or -12 degrees Celsius).For this reason, European fan palms are frequently … Native to the western and central Mediterranean regions, Europe and North Africa, the plant is currently the only universally accepted species in the genus Chamaerops. It is a small clustering palm, growing to … Chamaerops humilis. Leaf color on individual plants ranges from deep green to grayish and bluish green. Difficult. Great slow-growing palm for a container, specimen in a lawn or incorporated into a mixed tropical planting. One of the reasons people grow them is for landscaping. To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of our site. elatior. These plants thrive in moist well-drained soils. Deleting this collection CANNOT be undone. Although growth rate is slow, it is well wort… Flower Color is Brown/Tan and blooms in . For best results grow Chamaerops humilis in moist but well-drained soil … Chamaerops humilis (kam-AY-rops, HEW-mil-is) is a slow-growing evergreen flowering plant species from the Arecaceae or the palm family. Great for screening as it is multistemmed. Flower Color is Brown/Tan and blooms in . It may be best to purchase plants. Each leaf is divided into as many as 10-20 narrow, stiff segments at the end of 3-4 ft. long (90-120 cm) spiny petioles. Some palm trees are known to be over 100 years old. While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. It is known to be a cold-hardy palm, which means that it can tolerate temperature dips of down to 20°F (-7°C) during winter, making it ideal for temperate climates. The plant also may be partly anemophilous, that is to say, wind-pollinated, but it is at least partly entomophilous, that is to say dependent on pollination by insects.Only one insect species is known to pollinate it, namely a specific weevil, Derelomus chamaeropsis in the family Curculionidae. In spring, short panicles of bright yellow flowers are borne on mature plants. Grow in a warm, sheltered area, for best results. The ideal soil pH for this palm ranges between 6.1 and 7.8. Hardiness zone 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b. Flowers … Flowers are a bright yellow. Chamaerops humilis plants are pretty fragile once they root and should not be repotted often. In pollination mutualisms, floral odours are signals advertising the presence and location of rewards. long (45-60 cm). Propagation from suckers or division is possible, but often unsuccessful. Chamaerops humilis Vulcano aka Vulcano European Fan Palm. You may also enjoy the following growing guides: How to grow Desert Fan Palm and How to grow dagger plant. Accept Native to the Mediterranian basin A form of this palm with silvery, waxy leaves is sometimes called Chamaerops humilis variety cerifera. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources. Description: Chamaerops humilis is a bushy shrub with stems up to 1.5m (5 feet) high and carries fan-shaped fronds with stiff, 38cm (15 inch) long, strongly toothed stalks. Chamaerops humilis The Mediterranean Fan palm, or European Fan Palm, is a cold-hardy palm that keeps a maintainable size at 20 feet tall and 15 feet wide. Chamaerops(Chamaerops humilis) is a evergreen, cold-hardy shrub of the family Arecaceae genus Chamaerops which makes the flower of Yellow 3petals on Spadix It is one of the most adaptable species of palms, surviving extreme heat as well as extreme cold. As it is tolerant of the cold it can be grown in many areas where palm trees would otherwise be an oddity. It provides an exotic focal point in the garden with its evergreen fan-shaped leaves. Description. Its palmate leaves can add a tropical look to your landscape in a variety of ways, perhaps for poolside ambiance or as a landscape accent piece. The main trunk is often covered in brown bristly-hairs, with the base of old leaves persisting. GardenersHQ © 2005-2020 Dean Ravenscroft / Thank you for visiting my gardening site; 2020 - 12 - 30 : Privacy Policy, Download the PDF, MOBI (Kindle), and ePub (E-readers / iPad) files, and get a $1.00 discount. Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device. Best uses. A native palm tree to the Mediterranean region, the European Fan Palm, Chamaerops humilis can be seen growing extensively in Europe growing as clumps of outside specimen trees or potted in large containers useful as decorative trees outside restaurants and cafes at such cities as Paris, Rome and Athens. Not sure which Palms - Cycads to pick?Compare All Palms - Cycads, Buy Chamaerops humilis (European Fan Palm), Great Plant Combination Ideas with Palms - Cycads. Or buy for just $6.95 on Amazon USA and Amazon UK, or iBooks. Chamaerops humilis is a shrub-like clumping palm, with several stems growing from a single base. It can withstand temperatures down to 10ºF (-12ºC). Huge, distinctive, triangular, fine-textured, palmate-compound leaves. It is also the only palm native to Europe. Genus Chamaerops is a single species of evergreen palm with several erect stems bearing large, rounded leaves deeply cut into linear segments; insignificant flowers are borne in panicles from the lower leaf axils, followed by small, date-like fruits Each light blue-green to silver-green leaf (to 24” long and as wide) has 10-20 narrow, finger-like, deeply divided leaflets that are arranged in the shape of a fan at the end of a spiny petiole (leaf stalk to 3-4’ long). The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant). European Fan Palm Tree (chamaerops humilis) – Elegant and Fluffy looking fronds cascade in tight clusters. European Fan Palm grow naturally along the Atlantic coasts of Spain and Portugal making it, without a doubt, a coast loving palm. For the potted ones, do this as soon as the soil dries up since the previous watering, without soaking. In spring, short panicles of bright yellow flowers are borne on mature plants. Chamaerops humilis var. Usage. Plant them outdoors in a sunny position after the last frost. Chamaerops humilis is the only species in the genus Chamaerops; the genus is closely related to the Asian genus Trachycarpus, differing in the spined (not smooth) petioles and the multistemmed clustering habit. It is in leaf all year, in flower from April to June. Following imbibing of seed it is best to stratify the seeds in the warm for about 12 weeks. Among the hardiest palms, Chamaerops humilis (European Fan Palm) is a bushy evergreen palm forming a medium-sized rounded shrub or a small tree. Pruning dead and damaged leaves may help to boost its growth rate and help to maintain shape if the plant is grown in a more shady area. Chamaerops humilis is an evergreen Tree growing to 1.5 m (5ft) by 1.5 m (5ft) at a slow rate. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas. Chamaerops humilis can be grown in open soil in the garden, and because of their drought tolerance, they can also be grown in pots. It can be stemless or multi-trunked (with up to 8 trunks) as it usually suckers from the base of the main trunk. Slow-growing, hardy, clumping evergreen palm typically growing to 10-15’ tall and wide, or greater with age. Check these Great Plant Combination Ideas with Palms - Cycads, A Great Looking and Low-Care Mediterranean Border, A Sparkling Mediterranean Garden with Aloe, Aeonium and Palms, A Sparkling Mediterranean Garden with Aloe, Agave and Palms, A Simple and Low-Care Mediterranean Border, An Eye-Catching Mediterranean Garden with Agave, Aloe and Pincushion, A Striking Water-Wise Border with Agave, Cactus and Ocotillo, A Brilliant and Low-Care Mediterranean Border, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1, H2. This species of fan palm may take up to 50 years to reach its full height. Hardiness zone 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b. Plants grown in the shade will require pruning to help them maintain a compact shape. Ideally situate in a sunny area that has a climate similar to its native Mediterranean. No serious disease or pest issues. Panicles of inconspicuous creamy-yellow flowers appear at the base of the fronds in spring, followed by showy, orange-colored … Versatile in shape (rounded shrub to small tree), European Fan Palm is the only palm that is native to Europe. Join now and start creating your dream garden! European Fan Palm Tree (Chamaerops humilis… long (45-60 cm). - 20 ft. 0 in. In open soil, choose a warm, drained, fresh spot sheltered from the wind and with semi-shade or full sunlight. Plant Uses Container Plant, Specimen Trees. It has intense silver-blue color on the upper and lower surface of the leaves, looking similar to the Blue Hesper Palm, Brahea armata. Finally add a mulch. /* Add your own MailChimp form style overrides in your site stylesheet or in this style block. Each frond is about 60cm (24 inch) across, dark grey-green and cut almost to the stalk into many rigid, sword-shaped segments, which are usually split at the ends. Propagate by seed or suckers. 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